LOW GRADE CERVICAL LESIONS
Diagnosis /Low-grade intraepithelial lesions of the squamous epithelium (Low-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (LGSIL).
Low-grade intraepithelial lesion of the squamous epithelium is an abnormal growth of epithelial cells on the surface of the cervix and can be diagnosed using a Pap test. A squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) is not cancer but can cause cancer if left untreated. These lesions are considered as low grade (LGSIL) which is thought to be just at a commencement phase usually caused by HPV, whereas high grade (HGSIL) are lesions of more severe nature – precancerous. LSIL is identified in approximately 2 – 3% of all Pap tests.
Carbon dioxide laser ablation is used to treat pathological conditions in the cervix, vagina or vulva. The laser destroys abnormal cells, leaving healthy cells in their place.
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure. (LEEP)
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP) is a minor surgery, done in the doctor’s office, during which a piece of the cervix is removed and sent for histological examination (conical biopsy). LEEP is also used to treat abnormal cells and tissue in the cervix. This procedure uses a thin wire that acts as a surgical scalpel when heated by electrical current to cut the tissue.
It is important to ask your doctor:
- Based on my gynaecological history and Pap test results, what options do I have? What tests should I take and what treatment should I follow?
- What do you propose I do next and for what reason?
- What are the possible risks or side effects/complications?
- When should I repeat the Pap test?